34 projects

A PRECLINICAL EVALUATION: VACCINATION AND EFFICACY AGAINST SARS-CoV-2

SARS-CoV-2, the causative factor of COVID-19, is endangering the world's health, prosperity and political crises are on the horizon. Nations worldwide had to take drastic measures to prevent catastrophes: strict confinement and hygienic measures have been undertaken to minimize the virus spread. Despite the control measures, the pandemic is inevitably damaging the economy due to a shutdown of public and business life, an overload of the healthcare systems, and the high case fatality rate of COVID-19. The global fight against COVID-19 has mobilized, and many provisional treatments are being ...

AICovIX - AI based diagnosis of Covid-19 from CT/X-Ray imaging

The gold standard for Covid-19 diagnosis is RT-PCR for SARS-CoV-2 from the upper airways. This method suffers from decreased accuracy in more severe disease stages affecting the lower airways. False negative PCR tests in severe cases impose a massive risk to the health system, promoting intra-hospital disease spread in the actual pandemic situation. Reports from China indicate false negative PCR from upper airway samples in severe Covid-19 pneumonia in more than 50% of the cases. Therefore, complementary tests for the detection of these dangerous cases are urgently needed. The value of che...

COVID-19 and Neurturin

SARS-Cov-2 is a coronavirus is at the origin of the current COVID-19 pandemic, which poses a global and significant threat to public health worldwide. Although several treatment modalities have been evaluated, none has allowed a therapeutic breakthrough until now. New treatment modalities are therefore urgently needed. We have previously described that neurturin, a member of the glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor family, expressed not only as a growth factor in the nervous system but also the immune system, displays clear anti-inflammatory properties in mouse asthma models. Indeed,...

Direct detection of SARS-CoV-2 RNA with field effect transistors

The current methods for COVID-19 diagnosis suffer shortages of fundamental reagents and lack of reliability. The main, most secure, method is PCR, with high sensitivity, though it has some lack of reliability due to inefficiencies in the RNA transcription, and the sensitivities to virus mutations. Though, the main bottleneck is the shortage of enzymes during the current pandemic. The second group of methods are less reliable rapid serologic tests, which are sensitive only after 7 days of infection. It is also limited by the availability of antibodies. We propose direct detection of RNA usin...

inhibition of inflammation

Acute lung injury is a therapeutically high unmet need indication caused by uncontrolled inflammation with high expression of mediators to promote inflammation, called cytokines. If not reversed, it leads to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) as major reason for death in patients with COVID-19. Nekonal validated specific acting compounds and biomarkers to detect and stopp uncontrolled hyperimmune activation at early stage.

Rapid serological profiling of SARS-CoV-2 antibody response

Development of antibodies is the method by which we derive immunity to a pathogen. Tracking of the development of antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) is important in our understanding of this pandemic and formation of an exit strategy. Antibodies can identify different parts or proteins of a pathogen known as antigens. Current tests do not distinguish which antigens antibodies have been developed against or the level of antibody production. Using protein arrays, printed at the LIH RPPA facility we will provide a more complete analysis of the antibody development.

Phylodynamic real-time monitoring of SARS-CoV-2 genomes

The current Covid-19 pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 visus is an extreme world wide challenge to mankind's health. Current approaches to manage this challenge rely on reliable testing as well as the development of vaccination which both depend on the stability of specific sequences of the viral genome. Sequencing of viral genomes from patient samples provides deep insights on pathogen dynamics in terms of phylogeny and evolution allowing for spreading analysis and adaptation of molecular diagnostic and prevention strategies. Hence, the automatic dynamic analysis of data derived from v...

Relation of severity of COVID-19 infection to nutrient status, oxidative stress, inflammation & v...

Background: Severity of COVID-19 infection is related to host-factors including the immune and respiratory system, gut health, and pre-existing cardio-metabolic diseases. Enhanced inflammation and oxidative stress may worsen the prognosis of COVID-19 subjects. An imbalanced diet poor in essential micronutrients, dietary fiber and phytochemicals and containing insufficient proteins and antioxidant properties can aggravate these aspects, worsening the immune system and infection risk, especially in conjunction with enhanced visceral adiposity exacerbating chronic inflammation. Individuals wit...

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