6 projects

Covid-19 related LOckdown: Shift in Exposures to neighbourhood environments and changes in Physic...

A lockdown state implies radical changes in our lifestyle, especially physical activity (PA), while PA plays a central role in maintaining an adequate health status, counteracting the negative consequences of numerous diseases. We aim to investigate the impact of lockdown (and quarantine) on PA patterns based on retrospective data. We will analyse the intra-individual changes in PA patterns of participants stratified in two specific subgroups of interest, namely positive cases and their household members as a result of the lockdown/quarantine measures in place, with respect to the partici...

Multi-omics evaluation of microbial co-infection as marker of COVID-19 severity -(CO-INFECTOMICS)

The main goal of this project is to understand if SARS-CoV2 co-infections are a predictive marker of disease severity in the Luxembourgish population. To achieve this, the study will compare the respiratory and stool samples of mild and severe SARS-CoV2 positive patients. Using metagenomics and metatranscriptomics, microbial profiles of the respiratory and intestinal tracts will be investigated, with a specific attention for co-infections. Moreover, individual microbial profiles will be correlated to the health parameters and immune response. We hope that the CO-INFECTOMICS project will ena...

Identifying Predictors of Disease Progression and Tracking Viral Spread in COVID-19 Using Contin...

COVID-19 presents several unique challenges within cardiovascular care. While patients with preexisting CVD appear to be at an increased risk for severe disease and/or death, infection has also been shown to produce a number of CV sequelae, including cardiogenic shock and heart failure, in patients with no known CVD. Further complicating the management of cardiovascular care in COVID-19 are the adverse cardiovascular side effects produced by nearly all investigational therapies currently being tested, as well as, the unknown effects of standard care therapies used for the management of pree...

Innovative end-to-end solution for respiratory diseases detection and genotyping

Our innovative end-to-end solution for respiratory diseases detection and genotyping is composed of 3 main compoenets as follows: First, we want, through a multiplex qPCR assay, to target and differentiate in priority COVID-19, SARS, H5N1, H1N1 (devastating diseases) from seasonal flu (under control). Second, we propose to develop an NGS and SANGER assay for the following Intended uses: Respiratory diseases Genotyping, Screening, Monitoring, Quasispecies identification, Epidemiological studies. Third, we target to establish a large COVID-19 and SARS worldwide database , compare patient ...

MicroRNA biomarkers of COVID-19 severity

The Cardiovascular Research Unit of LIH proposes to apply its know-how on RNA biomarkers to identify circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) able to predict COVID-19 severity. This project is included in COVID-19 Task force WP02 and aims to fulfill the medical need of identifying patients at high risk of developing complications after infection by SARS-CoV-2 virus. The discovery of novel prognostic biomarkers will help tailoring healthcare to each individual for patient's benefit. Considering the importance of the inflammatory storm on disease severity and patient outcome, we will focus on inflamma...

HUMAN GENETIC VARIANTS AS PREDICTORS OF THE IMMUNE RESPONSE TO COVID-19

One of the main unanswered questions is why some individuals infected with COVID-19 develop severe disease, whilst others do not. Current evidence suggests that genetic variations influence human immune reactions to microbial infections, including both innate and adaptive immune responses. Here, we aim to evaluate the impact of genetic factors on the variability of the innate immune response to SARS-CoV-2 infection. On top of a large screening of the classical immune response genes (e.g. IFNs, ILs, TLRs, MHCs), we are particularly interested in the IRG1/ACOD1 gene, which we previously di...

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