Cytokines as biomarkers and therapeutic targets in COVID-19 infection
Cytokines play an important role in the pathogenesis of COVID-19 infection. A subgroup of patients develops a cytokine storm syndrome, correlating with a bad clinical outcome. For example, the concentration of the inflammatory cytokine Interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been recognized as a risk factor for mortality and for respiratory failure in Chinese and German patient cohorts, respectively. Tocilizumab, an antibody directed against the IL-6 receptor alpha chain, is used in clinical trials as well as an FDA-approved inhibitor of Jaks, tyrosine kinases which mediate the signal transduction of mult...
COVID19-induced changes to the plasma proteome
Studies focussing on human coronavirus found so far seven different viruses including SARS, MERS and COVID19. SARS, MERS and COVID19 present with various flu-like symptoms up to respiratory distress. Secondary symptoms include kidney problems, cardiovascular problems and neurological signs, like headache and nausea. In the case of the SARS infection, it has been shown that the virus can invade the central nervous system in patients and laboratory animals. The infection of epithelial cells by a coronavirus will lead to a change of the cellular protein composition in response to the virus' ...
Development of a MS-based COVID19 test
The project aims on developing an alternative test for the detection of corona virae based on proteomic methods. The advatage of the use of proteins is that the samples do not have to be cooled and can be transported at room temperature to the analytical lab.